Magnetic excitations in polyoxotungstate-supported lanthanoid single-molecule magnets: an inelastic neutron scattering and ab initio study

Michele Vonci, Marcus J. Giansiracusa, Willem Van Den Heuvel, Robert W. Gable, Boujemaa Moubaraki, Keith Murray, Dehong Yu, Richard A. Mole, Alessandro Soncini, Colette Boskovic

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Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) has been used to investigate the crystal field (CF) magnetic excitations of the analogs of the most representative lanthanoid-polyoxometalate single-molecule magnet family: Na9[Ln(W5O18)2] (Ln = Nd, Tb, Ho, Er). Ab initio complete active space self-consistent field/restricted active space state interaction calculations, extended also to the Dy analog, show good agreement with the experimentally determined low-lying CF levels, with accuracy better in most cases than that reported for approaches based only on simultaneous fitting to CF models of magnetic or spectroscopic data for isostructural Ln families. In this work we demonstrate the power of a combined spectroscopic and computational approach. Inelastic neutron scattering has provided direct access to CF levels, which together with the magnetometry data, were employed to benchmark the ab initio results. The ab initio determined wave functions corresponding to the CF levels were in turn employed to assign the INS transitions allowed by selection rules and interpret the observed relative intensities of the INS peaks. Ultimately, we have been able to establish the relationship between the wave function composition of the CF split LnIII ground multiplets and the experimentally measured magnetic and spectroscopic properties for the various analogs of the Na9[Ln(W5O18)2] family.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-394
Number of pages17
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jan 2017

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