Magnetic anisotropy of the spin tetramer system SeCuO3 studied by torque magnetometry and ESR spectroscopy

Mirta Herak, Antonija Grubišić Čabo, Dijana Žilić, Boris Rakvin, Krešimir Salamon, Ognjen Milat, Helmuth Berger

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We present an experimental study of macroscopic and microscopic magnetic anisotropy of a spin tetramer system SeCuO3 using torque magnetometry and ESR spectroscopy. Large rotation of macroscopic magnetic axes with temperature observed from torque magnetometry agrees reasonably well with the rotation of the g tensor above T ≳ 50 K. Below 50 K, the g tensor is temperature independent, while macroscopic magnetic axes continue to rotate. Additionally, the susceptibility anisotropy has a temperature dependence which can not be reconciled with the isotropic Heisenberg model of interactions between spins. ESR linewidth analysis shows that anisotropic exchange interaction must be present in SeCuO3. These findings strongly support the presence of anisotropic exchange interactions in the Hamiltonian of the studied system. Below TN=8 K, the system enters a long-range antiferromagnetically ordered state with easy axis along the 〈1̄01〉* direction. Small but significant rotation of magnetic axes is also observed in the antiferromagnetically ordered state suggesting strong spin-lattice coupling in this system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number184411
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2014
Externally publishedYes

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