Magnesium alloys as body implants: Fracture mechanism under dynamic and static loadings in a physiological environment

Lokesh Choudhary, R. K. Singh Raman

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117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is essential that a metallic implant material possesses adequate resistance to cracking/fracture under the synergistic action of a corrosive physiological environment and mechanical loading (i.e. stress corrosion cracking (SCC)), before the implant can be put to actual use. This paper presents a critique of the fundamental issues with an assessment of SCC of a rapidly corroding material such as magnesium alloys, and describes an investigation into the mechanism of SCC of a magnesium alloy in a physiological environment. The SCC susceptibility of the alloy in a simulated human body fluid was established by slow strain rate tensile (SSRT) testing using smooth specimens under different electrochemical conditions for understanding the mechanism of SCC. However, to assess the life of the implant devices that often possess fine micro-cracks, SCC susceptibility of notched specimens was investigated by circumferential notch tensile (CNT) testing. CNT tests also produced important design data, i.e. threshold stress intensity for SCC (KISCC) and SCC crack growth rate. Fractographic features of SCC were examined using scanning electron microscopy. The SSRT and CNT results, together with fractographic evidence, confirmed the SCC susceptibility of both smooth and notched specimens of a magnesium alloy in the physiological environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)916 - 923
Number of pages8
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Magnesium alloy AZ91D
  • Temporary implants
  • Stress corrosion cracking (SCC)
  • Slow strain rate tensile (SSRT)
  • Circumferential notch tensile (CNT)

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