Machine-free polymerase chain reaction with triangular gold and silver nanoparticles

Pradeep Kadu, Satyaprakash Pandey, Suditi Neekhra, Rakesh Kumar, Laxmikant Gadhe, Rohit Srivastava, Murali Sastry, Samir K. Maji

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Photothermal effects of metal nanoparticles (NPs) are used for various biotechnological applications. Although NPs have been used in a polymerase chain reaction (PCR), the effects of shape on the photothermal properties and its efficiency on PCR are less explored. The present study reports the synthesis of triangular gold and silver NPs, which can attain temperatures up to ∼90 °C upon irradiation with 808 nm laser. This photothermal property of synthesized nanoparticles was evaluated using various concentrations, irradiation time, and power to create a temperature profile required for variable-temperature PCR. This study reports a cost-effective, machine-free PCR using both gold and silver triangular NPs, with efficiency similar to that of a commercial PCR machine. Interestingly, addition of triangular NPs increases PCR efficiency in commercial PCR reactions. The higher PCR efficiencies are due to the direct binding and unfolding of double-stranded DNA as suggested by circular dichroism and UV spectroscopy. These findings suggest that triangular NPs can be used to develop cost-effective, robust machine-free PCR modules and can be used in various other photothermal applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10489-10496
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2020

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