Lyophilic but nonwettable organosilane-polymerized carbon dots inverse opals with closed-cell structure

Junchao Liu, Zheng Xie, Yuanyuan Shang, Junkai Ren, Ruixiang Hu, Bo Guan, Jingxia Wang, Tomik Ikeda, Lei Jiang

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37 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a unique lyophilic but nonwettable property of organosilane-polymerized carbon dots inverse opals photonic crystals (SiCDPCs) with closed-cell structure. Little stopband shift was observed for the SiCDPCs when being immersed into the solvents such as isopropanol, olive oil, DMSO, hexane, silicone oil, ethanediol, etc. but keeping lyophilic property. This could be attributed to the combined effect of closed-cell structure and the unique chemical composition of SiCDPCs. Furthermore, more than 30 kinds of organic solvents had been investigated, it was found that there were two kinds of factors that affected the stopband shift upon solvent's immersing; one was the polarity of solvent, and the other one was the viscosity of solvent. That is, mainly nonpolar or high viscosity solvents showed lyophilic but nonwettable property. The distinct solvent-responsive behaviors of the SiCDPCs toward polar/nonpolar solvents had been utilized for the fabrication of 2D/3D pattern. Additionally, the as-prepared SiCDPCs showed improved optical limiting property, excellent low-temperature resistance, and abrasion tolerant property. It is of great importance for the development of multifunctional novel coating materials and creation of novel optical devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6701-6710
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • carbon dots
  • closed-cell
  • inverse opals
  • lyophilic but nonwettable
  • optical limiting

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