The contribution of lymphatic transport to the oral bioavailability of methylnortestosterone (M) after oral administration of the lipophilic prodrug methylnortestosterone undecanoate (MU) has been evaluated, and the sensitivity of lymphatic MU transport to lymphatic lipid transport has been investigated. M and MU were administered intravenously and orally to greyhound dogs to determine absolute bioavailability after oral dosing of MU. MU was also administered orally with differing quantities of food )lipid) to lymph duct-cannulated greyhound dogs to investigate the relative roles of lymph versus blood transport to M bioavailability and the effect of lipid load on systemic exposure. The relationship between lymphatic lipid and MU transport was further investigated in anesthetized rats. The oral bioavailability of M after administration of MU was found to be highly dependent on coadministration of food, and the bioavailability of M increased approximately 700 in fed versus fasted animals. In both causes, lymph diversion resulted in negligible systemic exposure of M, indicating almost complete dependence on lymphatic transport of MU was even more highly dependent on the quantity of food or lipid coadministered with MU stimulated a significant increase in the lymphatic transport of MU and systemic exposure of M. The lipid sensitivity of lymphatic transport of MU is significantly higher than previously observed for more metabolically stable compounds, suggesting a role for coadministered lipid in promoting avoidance of enterocyte-based cleavage of MU.
|Pages (from-to)||700 - 709|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|