Lung function in developing lambs: Is it affected by preterm birth?

Robert Mark De Matteo, Kenneth Snibson, Bruce Thompson, Emmanuel Koumoundouros, Richard Harding

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Children born before term often have reduced lung function but the effects of preterm birth alone are difficult to determine owing to iatrogenic factors such as mechanical ventilation. Our objective was to determine the effects of preterm birth alone on airway resistance, airway reactivity, and ventilatory heterogeneity as an index of intra-pulmonary gas mixing. Preterm birth was induced in sheep 12d before term; controls were born at term ( 147d). Lung function was assessed at 8 wks post-term. To assess medium-large airway function we measured airway resistance and reactivity to carbachol. Multiple breath N2 washout (MBW) was used to assess ventilatory heterogeneity in conducting (Scond) and acinar (Sacin) airways. Baseline airway resistance and responsiveness to carbachol were similar in preterm and term lambs. Airway responsiveness to carbachol was greater in females than males (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1083 - 1088
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume107
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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