LSTM-MSNet: leveraging forecasts on sets of related time series with multiple seasonal patterns

Kasun Bandara, Christoph Bergmeir, Hansika Hewamalage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Generating forecasts for time series with multiple seasonal cycles is an important use case for many industries nowadays. Accounting for the multiseasonal patterns becomes necessary to generate more accurate and meaningful forecasts in these contexts. In this article, we propose long short-term memory multiseasonal net (LSTM-MSNet), a decomposition-based unified prediction framework to forecast time series with multiple seasonal patterns. The current state of the art in this space is typically univariate methods, in which the model parameters of each time series are estimated independently. Consequently, these models are unable to include key patterns and structures that may be shared by a collection of time series. In contrast, LSTM-MSNet is a globally trained LSTM network, where a single prediction model is built across all the available time series to exploit the cross-series knowledge in a group of related time series. Furthermore, our methodology combines a series of state-of-the-art multiseasonal decomposition techniques to supplement the LSTM learning procedure. In our experiments, we are able to show that on data sets from disparate data sources, e.g., the popular M4 forecasting competition, a decomposition step is beneficial, whereas, in the common real-world situation of homogeneous series from a single application, exogenous seasonal variables or no seasonal preprocessing at all are better choices. All options are readily included in the framework and allow us to achieve competitive results for both cases, outperforming many state-of-the-art multiseasonal forecasting methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1586-1599
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

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