Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

Anne Bernadette Chang, Christina C. Chang, K-A O'Grady, Paul J Torzillo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in young children worldwide. ALRIs are important indicators of the health disparities that persist between Indigenous and non-Indigenous children in developed countries. Bronchiolitis and pneumonia account for the majority of the ALRI burden. The epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of these diseases in Indigenous children are discussed. In comparison with non-Indigenous children in developing countries they have higher rates of disease, more complications, and their management is influenced by several unique factors including the epidemiology of disease and, in some remote regions, constraints on hospital referral and access to highly trained staff. The prevention of repeat infections and the early detection and management of chronic lung disease is critical to the long-term respiratory and overall health of these children. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1303-1321
Number of pages19
JournalPediatric Clinics of North America
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009


  • Acute lower respiratory infection
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Indigenous/nonindigenous comparison
  • Pneumonia

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