Low-temperature presynthesized crystalline tin oxide for efficient flexible perovskite solar cells and modules

Tongle Bu, Shengwei Shi, Jing Li, Yifan Liu, Jielin Shi, Li Chen, Xueping Liu, Junhao Qiu, Zhiliang Ku, Yong Peng, Jie Zhong, Yi Bing Cheng, Fuzhi Huang

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41 Citations (Scopus)


Organic-inorganic metal halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have been emerging as one of the most promising next generation photovoltaic technologies with a breakthrough power conversion efficiency (PCE) over 22%. However, aiming for commercialization, it still encounters challenges for the large-scale module fabrication, especially for flexible devices which have attracted intensive attention recently. Low-temperature processed high-performance electron-transporting layers (ETLs) are still difficult. Herein, we present a facile low-temperature synthesis of crystalline SnO2 nanocrystals (NCs) as efficient ETLs for flexible PSCs including modules. Through thermal and UV-ozone treatments of the SnO2 ETLs, the electron transporting resistance of the ETLs and the charge recombination at the interface of ETL/perovskite were decreased. Thus, the hysteresis-free highly efficient rigid and flexible PSCs were obtained with PCEs of 19.20 and 16.47%, respectively. Finally, a 5 × 5 cm2 flexible PSC module with a PCE of 12.31% (12.22% for forward scan and 12.40% for reverse scan) was fabricated with the optimized perovskite/ETL interface. Thus, employing presynthesized SnO2 NCs to fabricate ETLs has showed promising for future manufacturing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14922-14929
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2018


  • flexible perovskite solar cells
  • hysteresis
  • interface optimization
  • modules
  • tin oxide

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