Low-temperature conversion of ammonia to nitrogen in water with ozone over composite metal oxide catalyst

Yunnen Chen, Ye Wu, Chen Liu, Lin Guo, Jinxia Nie, Yu Chen, Tingsheng Qiu

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As one of the most important water pollutants, ammonia nitrogen emissions have increased year by year, which has attracted people's attention. Catalytic ozonation technology, which involves production of ·OH radical with strong oxidation ability, is widely used in the treatment of organic-containing wastewater. In this work, MgO-Co3O4 composite metal oxide catalysts prepared with different fabrication conditions have been systematically evaluated and compared in the catalytic ozonation of ammonia (50mg/L) in water. In terms of high catalytic activity in ammonia decomposition and high selectivity for gaseous nitrogen, the catalyst with MgO-Co3O4 molar ratio 8:2, calcined at 500°C for 3hr, was the best one among the catalysts we tested, with an ammonia nitrogen removal rate of 85.2% and gaseous nitrogen selectivity of 44.8%. In addition, the reaction mechanism of ozonation oxidative decomposition of ammonia nitrogen in water with the metal oxide catalysts was discussed. Moreover, the effect of coexisting anions on the degradation of ammonia was studied, finding that SO4 2- and HCO3 - could inhibit the catalytic activity while CO3 2- and Br- could promote it. The presence of coexisting cations had very little effect on the catalytic ozonation of ammonia nitrogen. After five successive reuses, the catalyst remained stable in the catalytic ozonation of ammonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-273
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Environmental Sciences
Volume66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Ammonia
  • Catalytic ozonation
  • Gaseous nitrogen
  • Metal oxide catalyst
  • Wastewater treatment

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