Low self-control and fraud: Offending, victimization, and their overlap

Kristy Holtfreter, Michael D. Reisig, Nicole Leeper Piquero, Alex R. Piquero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

132 Citations (Scopus)


Extant research demonstrates that offending and victim populations overlap to some degree, suggesting that a common underlying factor partially explains both outcomes. The current study tests whether low self-control explains the overlap in fraud offending and victimization exposure. Using cross-sectional survey data from a sample of undergraduate students (N = 305), the results from the regression models show that low self-control is associated with fraud offending. The findings also show that individuals with lower levels of self-control report that they are more likely to behave in ways that elevate their exposure to fraud victimization. Finally, in the fraud offending-victimization exposure multivariate models, the partial regression coefficient for low self-control is positive and statistically significant. In short, the findings demonstrate that the overlap between fraud offending and victimization exposure is partially explained by low self-control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-203
Number of pages16
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Fraud
  • Low self-control
  • Offending
  • Victimization

Cite this