Low-leakage epitaxial graphene field-effect transistors on cubic silicon carbide on silicon

A. Pradeepkumar, H. H. Cheng, K. Y. Liu, M. Gebert, S. Bhattacharyya, M. S. Fuhrer, F. Iacopi

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Epitaxial graphene (EG) on cubic silicon carbide (3C-SiC) on silicon holds the promise of tunable nanoelectronic and nanophotonic devices, some uniquely unlocked by the graphene/cubic silicon carbide combination, directly integrated with the current well-established silicon technologies. Yet, the development of graphene field-effect devices based on the 3C-SiC/Si substrate system has been historically hindered by poor graphene quality and coverage, as well as substantial leakage issues of the heteroepitaxial system. We address these issues by growing EG on 3C-SiC on highly resistive silicon substrates using an alloy-mediated approach. In this work, we demonstrate a field-effect transistor based on EG/3C-SiC/Si with gate leakage current 6 orders of magnitude lower than the drain current at room temperature, which is a vast improvement on the current literature, opening the possibility for dynamically tunable nanoelectronic and nanophotonic devices on silicon at the wafer level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number174503
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2023

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