Low-dose intestinal Trichuris muris infection alters the lung immune microenvironment and can suppress allergic airway inflammation

Alistair L. Chenery, Frann Antignano, Kyle Burrows, Sebastian Scheer, Georgia Perona-Wright, Colby Zaph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Immunological cross talk between mucosal tissues such as the intestine and the lung is poorly defined during homeostasis and
disease. Here, we show that a low-dose infection with the intestinally restricted helminth parasite Trichuris muris results in the production of Th1 cell-dependent gamma interferon (IFN-γ) and myeloid cell-derived interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the lung without causing overt airway pathology. This cross-mucosal immune response in the lung inhibits the development of papain-induced allergic airway inflammation, an innate cell-mediated type 2 airway inflammatory disease. Thus, we identify convergent and nonredundant roles of adaptive and innate immunity in mediating cross-mucosal suppression of type 2 airway inflammation during low-dose helminth-induced intestinal inflammation. These results provide further insight in identifying novel intersecting immune pathways elicited by gut-to-lung mucosal cross talk.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-501
Number of pages11
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

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