Low complexity watermarking scheme for scalable video coding

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5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a low complexity human visual system based watermarking algorithm for H.264 spatial scalable coding. The proposed algorithm extracts textural feature from a set of 7 high energy quantized coefficients in 4 × 4 luma INTRA-predicted blocks of all-slices and embeds watermark into the highly textured block which has at least one non-zero coefficient in 6 selected locations. Experiments were conducted by embedding up to 8192 watermark bits into a four-layer spatial scalable coded video. Results suggest that the proposed scheme produces watermarked video with an average visual quality degradation of 0.36 dB at the expense of 2.18% bitrate overhead. In addition, the proposed watermarking scheme achieves the detection rates of 0.96, 0.94 and 0.66 against re-encoding, recompression and Gaussian filtering attacks, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics-Taiwan, ICCE-TW 2016
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9781509020737
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics-Taiwan 2016 - Nantou County, Taiwan
Duration: 27 May 201630 May 2016
Conference number: 3rd
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/conhome/7508353/proceeding (Proceedings)


ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics-Taiwan 2016
Abbreviated titleICCE-TW 2016
CityNantou County
Internet address

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