Loss aversion around the world: empirical evidence from pension funds

Yuxin Xie, Soosung Hwang, Athanasios A. Pantelous

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


We propose a novel method to estimate loss aversion together with risk aversion and subjective probability weighting in a reference-dependent utility. Using multiple asset allocations in the 31 OECD pension funds, we find that our estimates of loss aversion and subjective probability weights are similar to those reported by Wang et al. (2017) and Rieger et al. (2011), respectively, despite the differences in the estimation methods. However, loss aversion increases with wealth and only Hofstede's Individualism is positively related to loss aversion. Countries with high individualism or masculinity prefer high risk and high return assets to bonds, whereas countries that dislike uncertainty prefer bonds to risky assets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-62
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Banking and Finance
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Cultural dimensions
  • Loss aversion
  • Pension funds
  • Reference-dependent utility

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