Longitudinal study of the relationship between physical activity and knee pain and functional limitation in community-dwelling older adults

Saliu Balogun, David Scott, Flavia Cicuttini, Graeme Jones, Dawn Aitken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Aims: To describe the associations between interindividual (between-person) and intraindividual (within-person) variability in physical activity (PA) and knee pain and functional limitation among older adults. We also investigated the potential bidirectional association of between-person and within-person variability in knee pain and functional limitation with PA. Method: Participants (N = 1064; 51% women; mean age 63 ± 7.4 years) were measured at baseline, 2.5, and 5 years. PA was measured using pedometers. Knee pain and functional limitation were assessed using the WOMAC scale. A two-part hurdle model, with adjustment for confounders, estimated the association of between-person and within-person variability in PA with knee pain/functional limitation (as the outcome). Linear mixed effect regression models described the association of between-person and within-person variability in knee pain and functional limitation with PA (as the outcome). Results: Between-person effects showed that participants with a higher 5-year average PA had lower average WOMAC scores (β= –1.17, 95% CI: –1.82, –0.51). Within-person effects showed that at time-points when participants had a higher PA level than average, they also had lower WOMAC scores (β= –0.85, 95% CI: –1.36, –0.35). Conversely, both between-person (β= –15.6, 95% CI: –22.5, –8.8) and within-person increase (β= –7.4, 95% CI: –13.5, –1.4) in WOMAC scores were associated with lower PA. Conclusion: These findings suggest that PA and knee pain/dysfunctional contribute to the development of one another. Pain can lead to changes in inter- and intraindividual PA levels, but the reverse is also possible – changes in PA results in changes in inter- and intraindividual pain/dysfunctional levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104101
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume90
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • bidirectional association
  • knee pain
  • osteoarthritis
  • Physical activity
  • WOMAC

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