Longitudinal hippocampal volumetric changes in mice following brain infarction

Vanessa H. Brait, David K. Wright, Mohsen Nategh, Alexander Oman, Warda T. Syeda, Charlotte M. Ermine, Katrina R. O’Brien, Emilio Werden, Leonid Churilov, Leigh A. Johnston, Lachlan H. Thompson, Jess Nithianantharajah, Katherine A. Jackman, Amy Brodtmann

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Hippocampal atrophy is increasingly described in many neurodegenerative syndromes in humans, including stroke and vascular cognitive impairment. However, the progression of brain volume changes after stroke in rodent models is poorly characterized. We aimed to monitor hippocampal atrophy occurring in mice up to 48-weeks post-stroke. Male C57BL/6J mice were subjected to an intraluminal filament-induced middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). At baseline, 3-days, and 1-, 4-, 12-, 24-, 36- and 48-weeks post-surgery, we measured sensorimotor behavior and hippocampal volumes from T2-weighted MRI scans. Hippocampal volume—both ipsilateral and contralateral—increased over the life-span of sham-operated mice. In MCAO-subjected mice, different trajectories of ipsilateral hippocampal volume change were observed dependent on whether the hippocampus contained direct infarction, with a decrease in directly infarcted tissue and an increase in non-infarcted tissue. To further investigate these volume changes, neuronal and glial cell densities were assessed in histological brain sections from the subset of MCAO mice lacking hippocampal infarction. Our findings demonstrate previously uncharacterized changes in hippocampal volume and potentially brain parenchymal cell density up to 48-weeks in both sham- and MCAO-operated mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10269
Number of pages13
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

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