Longitudinal course and predictors of communication and affect management self-efficacy among women newly diagnosed with gynecological cancers

Sharon L. Manne, Deborah A. Kashy, David W. Kissane, Melissa Ozga, Shannon Myers Virtue, Carolyn J. Heckman

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Self-efficacy is an important psychological resource to assist people in managing chronic illness and has been associated with psychological outcomes among patients coping with cancer. Little is known about the course of self-efficacy among gynecological cancer patients coping with cancer and the sociodemographic, medical, and psychological factors that are associated with the course of self-efficacy among these patients. Methods: One hundred twenty-five women recently diagnosed with gynecological cancer completed a measure of communication and affective management self-efficacy at baseline, 5 weeks, 9 weeks, 6 months, 1 year, and 18 months post-baseline. Participants also completed measures of functional impairment, holding back, perceived unsupportive behaviors of family and friends, emotional expressivity, cancer concerns, depressive symptoms, cancer-specific intrusions and avoidance, problem-solving, and positive reappraisal coping. Results: Growth curve modeling suggested that women varied considerably in their average reports of self-efficacy and varied with regard to their linear trajectories of self-efficacy over time. Average affect management self-efficacy increased significantly over time. Greater functional impairment, more holding back, more unsupportive responses from friends and family, less emotional expressivity, more cancer concerns, depression, intrusions, or avoidance predicted lower average self-efficacy over time. Women who were less emotionally expressive or held back sharing concerns less reported lower self-efficacy which increased over time. Conclusions: It will be important for providers to identify gynecological cancer patients who report low ability to communicate feelings and needs and manage emotional reactions to cancer and offer them interventions which bolster self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1929-1939
Number of pages11
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Emotional expressivity
  • Gynecological cancer
  • Holding back
  • Self-efficacy

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