Longitudinal changes in mobility following single-event multilevel surgery in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy

Adrienne Harvey, Peter Rosenbaum, Steven Hanna, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie, H. Kerr Graham

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To examine changes in mobility longitudinally following single-event multilevel surgery in ambulant children with cerebral palsy, focusing on those using assistive devices for functional mobility because they are most at risk of declining gross motor function. Participants: A consecutive sample of 156 ambulant children with cerebral palsy (99 males), 96 without devices (Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) I/II), 60 with devices (GMFCS III) who had single-event multilevel surgery at mean age 11 years 1 month. Methods: GMFCS and Functional Mobility Scale (FMS) ratings were recorded pre-operatively and at 2 and 5 years postoperatively. A proportional odds logistic regression model was used for the GMFCS III group to predict the probability of assistive device requirements post-operatively conditional on baseline FMS. Results: Children in GMFCS III showed more change than those in I/II at home and school. Those in GMFCS III using crutches pre-operatively at home and school were more likely to continue using them at 5 years, whereas those using walkers were more likely to change to crutches or wheelchairs. Wheelchairs were most commonly used in the community before and after single-event multilevel surgery. Conclusion: Mobility was generally stable or improved at 5 years after single-event multilevel surgery; however, a small number of children used more assistance to facilitate mobility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Activity
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Mobility
  • Multilevel surgery
  • Outcomes assessment

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