Longitudinal associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, physical activity, knee pain and dysfunction and physiological falls risk in community-dwelling older adults

Saliu Balogun, Tania Winzenberg, Karen Wills, David Scott, Graeme Jones, Michele Callisaya, Dawn Aitken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Aims: To describe the longitudinal associations between physiological falls risk, and between-person and within-person effects of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), physical activity (PA), knee pain and dysfunction in community-dwelling older people. Methods: Data for 1053 participants (51% women; mean age 63 ± 7.4 years) studied at baseline, 2.5, 5, and 10 years were analysed. Falls risk (Z-score) was measured using the Physiological Profile Assessment. Knee pain and dysfunction were assessed using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC). Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was measured using accelerometer. Linear mixed-effect regression models, with adjustment for confounders, were used to estimate the association between physiological falls risk and between-person and within-person effects of PA, 25OHD and WOMAC score. Results: Between-person effects showed that 10-year average physiological falls risk was lower in participants who had a higher 10-year average 25OHD (β = −0.005 per nmol/l, 95% CI: −0.008, −0.002), log-MVPA (β = −0.16 per minute, 95% CI: −0.22, −0.10) and lower mean WOMAC score (β = 0.005 per-unit score, 95% CI: 0.003, 0.01). Within-person effects showed that a higher physiological falls risk at any time-point was associated with higher than average WOMAC score (β = 0.002 per-unit score, 95% CI: 0.0003, 0.004) and lower than average log-MVPA (β = −0.15 per minute, 95% CI: −0.24, −0.06), but not 25OHD, at the same time-point. Conclusion: Having higher WOMAC global score above an individual's average increases the risk of falling, whereas, increasing one's own MVPA level further reduces their risk of falling. The presence of between-person but not within-person associations for 25OHD suggests the former may be confounded by other factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-77
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental Gerontology
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Falls
  • Pain
  • Physical activity
  • Vitamin D

Cite this

@article{997d5fbc130f4d23b7cf8a587e8c703b,
title = "Longitudinal associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, physical activity, knee pain and dysfunction and physiological falls risk in community-dwelling older adults",
abstract = "Aims: To describe the longitudinal associations between physiological falls risk, and between-person and within-person effects of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), physical activity (PA), knee pain and dysfunction in community-dwelling older people. Methods: Data for 1053 participants (51{\%} women; mean age 63 ± 7.4 years) studied at baseline, 2.5, 5, and 10 years were analysed. Falls risk (Z-score) was measured using the Physiological Profile Assessment. Knee pain and dysfunction were assessed using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC). Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was measured using accelerometer. Linear mixed-effect regression models, with adjustment for confounders, were used to estimate the association between physiological falls risk and between-person and within-person effects of PA, 25OHD and WOMAC score. Results: Between-person effects showed that 10-year average physiological falls risk was lower in participants who had a higher 10-year average 25OHD (β = −0.005 per nmol/l, 95{\%} CI: −0.008, −0.002), log-MVPA (β = −0.16 per minute, 95{\%} CI: −0.22, −0.10) and lower mean WOMAC score (β = 0.005 per-unit score, 95{\%} CI: 0.003, 0.01). Within-person effects showed that a higher physiological falls risk at any time-point was associated with higher than average WOMAC score (β = 0.002 per-unit score, 95{\%} CI: 0.0003, 0.004) and lower than average log-MVPA (β = −0.15 per minute, 95{\%} CI: −0.24, −0.06), but not 25OHD, at the same time-point. Conclusion: Having higher WOMAC global score above an individual's average increases the risk of falling, whereas, increasing one's own MVPA level further reduces their risk of falling. The presence of between-person but not within-person associations for 25OHD suggests the former may be confounded by other factors.",
keywords = "Falls, Pain, Physical activity, Vitamin D",
author = "Saliu Balogun and Tania Winzenberg and Karen Wills and David Scott and Graeme Jones and Michele Callisaya and Dawn Aitken",
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Longitudinal associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, physical activity, knee pain and dysfunction and physiological falls risk in community-dwelling older adults. / Balogun, Saliu; Winzenberg, Tania; Wills, Karen; Scott, David; Jones, Graeme; Callisaya, Michele; Aitken, Dawn.

In: Experimental Gerontology, Vol. 104, 01.04.2018, p. 72-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Longitudinal associations between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, physical activity, knee pain and dysfunction and physiological falls risk in community-dwelling older adults

AU - Balogun, Saliu

AU - Winzenberg, Tania

AU - Wills, Karen

AU - Scott, David

AU - Jones, Graeme

AU - Callisaya, Michele

AU - Aitken, Dawn

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - Aims: To describe the longitudinal associations between physiological falls risk, and between-person and within-person effects of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), physical activity (PA), knee pain and dysfunction in community-dwelling older people. Methods: Data for 1053 participants (51% women; mean age 63 ± 7.4 years) studied at baseline, 2.5, 5, and 10 years were analysed. Falls risk (Z-score) was measured using the Physiological Profile Assessment. Knee pain and dysfunction were assessed using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC). Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was measured using accelerometer. Linear mixed-effect regression models, with adjustment for confounders, were used to estimate the association between physiological falls risk and between-person and within-person effects of PA, 25OHD and WOMAC score. Results: Between-person effects showed that 10-year average physiological falls risk was lower in participants who had a higher 10-year average 25OHD (β = −0.005 per nmol/l, 95% CI: −0.008, −0.002), log-MVPA (β = −0.16 per minute, 95% CI: −0.22, −0.10) and lower mean WOMAC score (β = 0.005 per-unit score, 95% CI: 0.003, 0.01). Within-person effects showed that a higher physiological falls risk at any time-point was associated with higher than average WOMAC score (β = 0.002 per-unit score, 95% CI: 0.0003, 0.004) and lower than average log-MVPA (β = −0.15 per minute, 95% CI: −0.24, −0.06), but not 25OHD, at the same time-point. Conclusion: Having higher WOMAC global score above an individual's average increases the risk of falling, whereas, increasing one's own MVPA level further reduces their risk of falling. The presence of between-person but not within-person associations for 25OHD suggests the former may be confounded by other factors.

AB - Aims: To describe the longitudinal associations between physiological falls risk, and between-person and within-person effects of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), physical activity (PA), knee pain and dysfunction in community-dwelling older people. Methods: Data for 1053 participants (51% women; mean age 63 ± 7.4 years) studied at baseline, 2.5, 5, and 10 years were analysed. Falls risk (Z-score) was measured using the Physiological Profile Assessment. Knee pain and dysfunction were assessed using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC). Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was measured using accelerometer. Linear mixed-effect regression models, with adjustment for confounders, were used to estimate the association between physiological falls risk and between-person and within-person effects of PA, 25OHD and WOMAC score. Results: Between-person effects showed that 10-year average physiological falls risk was lower in participants who had a higher 10-year average 25OHD (β = −0.005 per nmol/l, 95% CI: −0.008, −0.002), log-MVPA (β = −0.16 per minute, 95% CI: −0.22, −0.10) and lower mean WOMAC score (β = 0.005 per-unit score, 95% CI: 0.003, 0.01). Within-person effects showed that a higher physiological falls risk at any time-point was associated with higher than average WOMAC score (β = 0.002 per-unit score, 95% CI: 0.0003, 0.004) and lower than average log-MVPA (β = −0.15 per minute, 95% CI: −0.24, −0.06), but not 25OHD, at the same time-point. Conclusion: Having higher WOMAC global score above an individual's average increases the risk of falling, whereas, increasing one's own MVPA level further reduces their risk of falling. The presence of between-person but not within-person associations for 25OHD suggests the former may be confounded by other factors.

KW - Falls

KW - Pain

KW - Physical activity

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