Longitudinal association between psychological demands and burnout for employees experiencing a high versus a low degree of job resources

Anna-Carin Fagerlind Ståhl, Christian Ståhl, Peter Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Exhaustion and burnout are common causes for sickness absence. This study examines the relationship between psychological demands and burnout over time, and if environmental support modifies the longitudinal relationship between psychological demands and burnout at baseline, with burnout measured 2 years subsequently. Methods: A questionnaire was sent to employees in seven Swedish organizations in 2010-2012 with follow-up after 2 years, n = 1722 responded (64%). Linear regressions were used to examine the associations between burnout and psychological demands at baseline and burnout at follow-up. Stratified regression models examined if relationships between burnout and psychological demands at baseline on burnout at follow-up differed for employees in supportive versus unsupportive work environments. Results: Burnout and psychological demands at baseline were associated with burnout at follow-up, after adjustment for study covariates. No significant differences were observed between estimates for psychological demands and burnout among respondents in supportive work environments versus those in unsupportive work environments. Conclusions: This study shows that high demands are associated with greater risk of burnout, regardless of level of other work supports. This has implications for prevention of sick leave due to burnout and for rehabilitation, where demands such as work pace, workload and conflicting demands at work may need to be reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Article number195
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Prevention
  • Sick leave
  • Social capital
  • Stress
  • Sweden
  • Work disability
  • Work environment

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