Longitudinal analysis of respiratory outcomes among bauxite exposed workers in western Australia

Martine Neeltje Dennekamp, Nicholas Hubert de Klerk, Alison Reid, Michael John Abramson, James JiSheng Cui, Anthony Del Monaco, Lin Fritschi, Geza Paul Benke, Malcolm Ross Sim, Arthur Musk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Occupational exposure to bauxite is common in the aluminium industry but little is known about the associated health effects. This study investigates respiratory health in relation to respirable bauxite dust exposure longitudinally over a 13 year period. Methods: An inception cohort study recruited 91 male bauxite miners and 363 male alumina refinery workers. Annual measurements of respiratory symptoms and lung function were made. Cumulative exposure to bauxite was derived from job histories and air monitoring data. Mixed-effects modeling was used. Results: No associations were found between cumulative bauxite exposure and respiratory symptoms or lung function. However, when analysis was restricted to the first three rounds, FEV1 was significantly lower in all exposure groups than in those unexposed but with no significant trend. Conclusion: Increasing exposure to bauxite dust in the aluminum industry was not associated with respiratory symptoms or consistent decrements in lung function. Am. J. Ind. Med. 58:897-904, 2015
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897 - 904
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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