Long-term survival of adults with cardiogenic shock after venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

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Abstract

Purpose: This study was designed to examine the long-term survival of patients who survived to be weaned from venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) and to determine which factors present at initiation and during ECMO predict long-term survival. We further sought to develop the preliminary long-term outcome after VA ECMO score that would predict patient outcome and to assess its accuracy at various time points. Methods: We conducted a retrospective, observational cohort study of all patients with cardiogenic shock treated with VA ECMO at the Alfred Hospital, Australia, from January 2007 until February 2013. Overall, 125 patients underwent ECMO, and 104 patients were successfully weaned and formed the study population, with a median follow-up of 21 months (range, 0-84). Results: Survival rates of those weaned from ECMO at 3 months, 12 months, and 2 years were 87 , 79 , and 71 , respectively, corresponding to overall survival rates at 3 months of 90 (72 ) of 124; at 12 months, 80 (65 ) of 122; and 24 months, 57 (57 ) of 100. Ischemic heart disease, higher lactate and higher bilirubin at initiation of VA ECMO, and a longer duration of renal replacement therapy during ECMO were all independently associated with decreased length of survival. Long-term survival was found to be highly related to the number of these risk factors present up to 2 years afterward. Conclusion: Good long-term survival can be achieved in patients who have been successfully weaned from VA-ECMO. The factors present at initiation and during ECMO can relate to altered risk of long-term survival.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949 - 956
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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