Long-term sensorimotor adaptation in the ocular following system of primates

Markus A. Hietanen, Nicholas S. C. Price, Shaun L. Cloherty, Kostas Hadjidimitrakis, Michael R. Ibbotson

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6 Citations (Scopus)


The sudden movement of a wide-field image leads to a reflexive eye tracking response referred to as short-latency ocular following. If the image motion occurs soon after a saccade the initial speed of the ocular following is enhanced, a phenomenon known as post-saccadic enhancement. We show in macaque monkeys that repeated exposure to the same stimulus regime over a period of months leads to progressive increases in the initial speeds of ocular following. The improvement in tracking speed occurs for ocular following with and without a prior saccade. As a result of the improvement in ocular following speeds, the influence of post-saccadic enhancement wanes with increasing levels of training. The improvement in ocular following speed following repeated exposure to the same oculomotor task represents a novel form of sensori-motor learning in the context of a reflexive movement.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0189030
Number of pages15
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2017


  • eye movements
  • eyes
  • monkeys
  • learning
  • attention
  • reflexes
  • Macaque
  • retina

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