Long-term effects of ambient air pollutants to blood lipids and dyslipidemias in a Chinese rural population

Shuyuan Mao, Gongbo Chen, Feifei Liu, Na Li, Chongjian Wang, Yisi Liu, Suyang Liu, Yuanan Lu, Hao Xiang, Yuming Guo, Shanshan Li

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Both air pollution and dyslipidemias contributed to large number of deaths and disability-adjusted life lost years. Long-term air pollution exposure was related to changed blood lipids and risk of dyslipidemias. This study was designed to evaluate relationships between air pollutants, blood lipids and prevalence of dyslipidemias in a Chinese rural population exposed to high-level air pollution based on baseline data of The Henan Rural Cohort study. An amount of 39,057 participants from rural areas in China were included. The 3-year average exposure of air pollutants (PM2.5, PM10, NO2) was estimated by a spatiotemporal model. Logistic and linear regression models were employed to explore relationships between air pollutants, blood lipids (TC, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C) and prevalence of dyslipidemias. The three-year concentration of PM2.5, PM10 and NO2 was 72.8 ± 2.3 μg/m3, 131.5 ± 5.7 μg/m3and 39.1 ± 3.1 μg/m3, respectively. Overall, increased air pollution exposure was related to increased TC and LDL-C, while decreased TG and HDL-C. Each 1-μg/m3 increment of PM2.5 was related to 0.10% (0.07%–0.19%) increase in TC, 0.63% (0.50%–0.77%) increase in LDL-C, 2.93% (2.70%–3.16%) decrease in TG, 0.49% (0.38%–0.60%) decrease in HDL-C; and 5.7% (95%CI: 3.7%–7.6%), 4.0% (95%CI: 2.1%–6.0%) and 3.8% (95%CI: 2.5%–5.1%) increase in odds for hypercholesterolemia, hyperbetalipoproteinemia and hypoalphalipoproteinemia, respectively. Stronger associations were found in male and older participants. Findings suggest that air pollutants were associated with changed blood lipid levels and higher risk of dyslipidemias among rural population. Male and elder people should pay more attention to personal safety protection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113403
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • Air pollution
  • Blood lipids
  • Cholesterol
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Rural areas

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