Long-term effectiveness and safety of pravastatin in patients with coronary heart disease

Wendy E. Hague, R John Simes, Adrienne Kirby, Anthony C Keech, Harvey D White, David Hunt, Paul John Nestel, David M. Colquhoun, Helen Pater, Ralph A H Stewart, David R Sullivan, Peter L. Thompson, Malcolm West, Paul Glasziou, Andrew M. Tonkin

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background - We aimed to assess the long-term effects of treatment with statin therapy on all-cause mortality, cause-specific mortality, and cancer incidence from extended follow-up of the Long-term Intervention with Pravastatin in Ischemic Disease (LIPID) trial. Methods and Results - LIPID initially compared pravastatin and placebo over 6 years in 9014 patients with previous coronary heart disease. After the double-blind period, all patients were offered open-label statin therapy. Data were obtained over a further 10 years from 7721 patients, by direct contact for 2 years, by questionnaires thereafter, and from mortality and cancer registries. During extended follow-up, 85% assigned pravastatin and 84% assigned placebo took statin therapy. Patients assigned pravastatin maintained a significantly lower risk of death from coronary heart disease (relative risk [RR] 0.89; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.81-0.97; P=0.009), from cardiovascular disease (RR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.81-0.95; P=0.002), and from any cause (RR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.85-0.97; absolute risk reduction, 2.6%; P=0.003).Cancer incidence was similar by original treatment group during the double-blind period (RR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.82-1.08; P=0.41), later follow-up (RR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.91-1.14; P=0.74), and overall (RR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.91-1.08; P=0.83). There were no significant differences in cancer mortality, or in the incidence of organ-specific cancers. Cancer findings were confirmed in a meta-analysis with other large statin trials with extended follow-up. Conclusions - In LIPID, the absolute survival benefit from 6 years of pravastatin treatment appeared to be maintained for the next 10 years, with a similar risk of death among survivors in both groups after the initial period. Treatment with statins does not influence cancer or death from noncardiovascular causes during long-term follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1851-1860
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation
Volume133
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2016

Keywords

  • cardiovascular diseases
  • cholesterol
  • coronary disease
  • hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors
  • lipids

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