Long-term Climate Change: Projections, Commitments and Irreversibility

Matthew Collins, Reto Knutti, Julie Arblaster, Jean-Louis Dufresne, Thierry Fichefet, Pierre Friedlingstein, Xuejie Gao, William J. Gutowski, Tim Johns, Gerhard Krinner, Mxolisi Shongwe, Claudia Tebaldi, Andrew J Weaver, Michael F Wehner, Myles R Allen, Tim Andrews, Urs Beyerle, Cecilia M. Bitz, Sandrine Bony, Ben B B Booth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Report)Researchpeer-review


This chapter assesses long-term projections of climate change for the end of the 21st century and beyond, where the forced signal depends on the scenario and is typically larger than the internal variability of the climate system. Changes are expressed with respect to a baseline period of 1986–2005, unless otherwise stated.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClimate Change 2013 - The Physical Science Basis
Subtitle of host publicationContribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
EditorsThomas F. Stocker, Dahe Qin, Gian-Kasper Plattner, Melinda M.B. Tignor, Simon K. Allen, Judith Boschung, Alexander Nauels, Yu Xia, Vincent Bex, Pauline M. Midgley
Place of PublicationNew York NY USA
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages108
ISBN (Print)9781107057991, 9781107661820
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
PublisherCambridge University Press

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