Long-term arrhythmia-free survival in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction and no inducible ventricular tachycardia after myocardial infarction

Sarah Zaman, Arun Narayan, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Gopal Sivagangabalan, Stuart Thomas, David L. Ross, Pramesh Kovoor

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47 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND- : A negative electrophysiology study (EPS) may delineate a subgroup of patients with severely impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) whose care can be safely managed long-term without an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. METHODS AND RESULTS- : Consecutive patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction underwent early (median 4 days) LVEF assessment. Patients with LVEF ≤40% underwent EPS. A prophylactic implantable cardioverter- defibrillator was implanted for a positive (inducible monomorphic ventricular tachycardia) but not a negative (no inducible ventricular tachycardia or inducible ventricular fibrillation/flutter) EPS result. Patients who would have become eligible for a late primary prevention implantable cardioverter- defibrillator with LVEF ≤30% or ≤35% with New York Heart Association class II/III heart failure were included and analyzed according to EPS result. Patients with LVEF >40%, ineligible for EPS, were followed up as control subjects (n=1286). The primary end point was survival free of death or arrhythmia (resuscitated cardiac arrest or sustained ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation). EPS performed in 128 patients with LVEF ≤30% or with LVEF ≤35% and heart failure was negative in 63% (n=80) and positive in 37% (n=48). Implantable-cardioverter defibrillators were implanted in <0.1%, 4%, and 90% of control, EPS-negative, and EPS-positive patients, respectively. The distribution of time to death or arrhythmia was comparable in control patients and EPS-negative patients with LVEF ≤30% or with LVEF ≤35% and heart failure (P=0.738), who both differed significantly from EPS-positive patients (P<0.001). At 3 years, 91.8±3.2%, 93.4±1.0%, and 62.7±7.5% of control, EPS-negative, and EPS-positive patients were free of death or arrhythmia, respectively. CONCLUSIONS- : Revascularized patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction with severely impaired left ventricular function but no inducible ventricular tachycardia have a favorable long-term prognosis without the protection of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)848-854
Number of pages7
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • death
  • electrophysiology
  • myocardial infarction
  • sudden
  • tachycardia

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