Lock-in detection for pulsed electrically detected magnetic resonance

Felix Hoehne, Lukas Dreher, Jan Behrends, Matthias Fehr, Hans Huebl, Klaus Lips, Alexander Schnegg, Max Suckert, Martin Stutzmann, Martin S. Brandt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


We show that in pulsed electrically detected magnetic resonance (pEDMR) signal modulation in combination with a lock-in detection scheme can reduce the low-frequency noise level by one order of magnitude and in addition removes the microwave-induced non-resonant background. This is exemplarily demonstrated for spin-echo measurements in phosphorus-doped silicon. The modulation of the signal is achieved by cycling the phase of the projection pulse used in pEDMR for the readout of the spin state.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043907
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

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