Localized vortex/Tollmien-Schlichting wave interaction states in plane Poiseuille flow

L J Dempsey, Kengo Deguchi, P Hall, A G Walton

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Strongly nonlinear three-dimensional interactions between a roll-streak structure and a Tollmien-Schlichting wave in plane Poiseuille flow are considered in this study. Equations governing the interaction at high Reynolds number originally derived by Bennett et al. (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 223, 1991, pp. 475-495) are solved numerically. Travelling wave states bifurcating from the lower branch linear neutral point are tracked to finite amplitudes, where they are observed to localize in the spanwise direction. The nature of the localization is analysed in detail near the relevant spanwise locations, revealing the presence of a singularity which slowly develops in the governing interaction equations as the amplitude of the motion is increased. Comparisons with the full Navier-Stokes equations demonstrate that the finite Reynolds number solutions gradually approach the numerical asymptotic solutions with increasing Reynolds number.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-121
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2016


  • bifurcation
  • nonlinear instability
  • transition to turbulence

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