Reduction in the adiposity or dietary restriction increases plasma growth hormone (GH) concentrations, and in sheep this appears to be due, at least in part, to a reduction in the concentrations of somatostatin (SRIF) in hypophyseal portal blood. Leptin is a hormone secreted by the adipocytes and it is possible that the effects of altered adiposity or fasting on GH secretion could be due to regulation of SRIF neurons by leptin. To ascertain the extent to which leptin may act on these neurons, we have used immunohistochemistry to examine co-localization of long-form of the leptin receptor (OB-Rb) and SRIF in the sheep hypothalamus. In the hypothalamic periventricular area (PeriV), 44.5+/-10 of SRIF cells were found to co-stain for OB-Rb. In the dorsomedial hypothalamic, ventromedial hypothalamic and arcuate nuclei, 100 of SRIF immunoreactive neurons expressed OB-Rb. These findings provide a basis for the direct action of leptin on SRIF neurons. Thus, it is possible that leptin stimulates the secretion of SRIF in relatively obese individuals. The significance of the lower number of SRIF cells in the PeriV co-localizing OB-Rb expression is not clear at present.
|Pages (from-to)||1 - 6|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|