Localization, molecular weight and immunoglobulin subclass response to Aspergillus fumigatus allergens in acute bronchopulmonary aspergillosis

P. S C Leung, M. E. Gershwin, R. Coppel, G. Halpern, H. Novey, J. J. Castles

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A species of Aspergillus fumigatus was isolated from a patient with acute bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). Cultures were allowed to propagate and were separated into spores and mycelium to >95% homogeneity. Extracts of both the spores and mycelium were prepared and used for study by both dot blot analysis and immunoblotting to study the major allergens. By dot blot analysis, 22 of 22 patients with ABPA and none of 10 healthy controls reacted with mycelium when probed for both IgG and IgE anti-Aspergillus reactivity. Similar results were obtained when these extracts were separated on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and then probed; this included both IgG and IgE reactivity. Further, the reactivity to preparations of whole extract was absorbed with mycelium but not spores. Several distinct protein bands were detected with IgG, ranging from 30 to 110 kilodaltons (kD). In contrast, the majority of patients with ABPA, when studied for IgE reactivity, reacted only with a 70-kD protein, although 1 out of 22 patients reacted with a 30-kD protein. Subclass analysis of IgG reactivity were present but less frequently detected. The use of immunoblotting will enable the identification of relevant allergens. Further, the demonstration that the allergenicity is located primarily in mycelium will allow more definitive studies of allergen isolation for studies of reactivity and, ultimately, cloning of the 70-kD protein and, finally, epitope mapping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)416-421
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1988
Externally publishedYes

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