Local crack-programmed gold nanowire electronic skin tattoos for in-plane multisensor integration

Shu Gong, Lim Wei Yap, Bowen Zhu, Qingfeng Zhai, Yiyi Liu, Quanxia Lyu, Kaixuan Wang, Mingjie Yang, Yunzhi Ling, Daniel T.H. Lai, Faezeh Marzbanrad, Wenlong Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Sensitive, specific, yet multifunctional tattoo-like electronics are ideal wearable systems for “any time, any where” health monitoring because they can virtually become parts of the human skin, offering a burdenless “unfeelable” wearing experience. A skin-like, multifunctional electronic tattoo made entirely from gold using a standing enokitake-mushroom-like vertically aligned nanowire membrane in conjunction with a programmable local cracking technology is reported. Unlike previous multifunctional systems, only a single material type is needed for the integrated gold circuits involved in interconnects and multiplexed specific sensors, thereby avoiding the use of complex multimaterials interfaces. This is possiblebecause the programmable local cracking technology allows for the arbitrary fine-tuning of the properties of elastic gold conductors from strain-insensitive to highly strain-sensitive simply by adjusting localized crack size, shape, and orientations—a capability impossible to achieve with previous bulk cracking technology. Furthermore, in-plane integration of strain/pressure sensors, anisotropic orientation-specific sensors, strain-insensitive stretchable interconnects, temperature sensors, glucose sensors, and lactate sensors without the need of soldering or gluing are demonstrated. This strategy opens a new general route for the design of next-generation wearable electronic tattoos.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1903789
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Materials
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 25 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • electronic skin
  • electronic tattoos
  • gold nanowires
  • programmable cracking

Cite this

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title = "Local crack-programmed gold nanowire electronic skin tattoos for in-plane multisensor integration",
abstract = "Sensitive, specific, yet multifunctional tattoo-like electronics are ideal wearable systems for “any time, any where” health monitoring because they can virtually become parts of the human skin, offering a burdenless “unfeelable” wearing experience. A skin-like, multifunctional electronic tattoo made entirely from gold using a standing enokitake-mushroom-like vertically aligned nanowire membrane in conjunction with a programmable local cracking technology is reported. Unlike previous multifunctional systems, only a single material type is needed for the integrated gold circuits involved in interconnects and multiplexed specific sensors, thereby avoiding the use of complex multimaterials interfaces. This is possiblebecause the programmable local cracking technology allows for the arbitrary fine-tuning of the properties of elastic gold conductors from strain-insensitive to highly strain-sensitive simply by adjusting localized crack size, shape, and orientations—a capability impossible to achieve with previous bulk cracking technology. Furthermore, in-plane integration of strain/pressure sensors, anisotropic orientation-specific sensors, strain-insensitive stretchable interconnects, temperature sensors, glucose sensors, and lactate sensors without the need of soldering or gluing are demonstrated. This strategy opens a new general route for the design of next-generation wearable electronic tattoos.",
keywords = "electronic skin, electronic tattoos, gold nanowires, programmable cracking",
author = "Shu Gong and Yap, {Lim Wei} and Bowen Zhu and Qingfeng Zhai and Yiyi Liu and Quanxia Lyu and Kaixuan Wang and Mingjie Yang and Yunzhi Ling and Lai, {Daniel T.H.} and Faezeh Marzbanrad and Wenlong Cheng",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1002/adma.201903789",
language = "English",
journal = "Advanced Materials",
issn = "0935-9648",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

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Local crack-programmed gold nanowire electronic skin tattoos for in-plane multisensor integration. / Gong, Shu; Yap, Lim Wei; Zhu, Bowen; Zhai, Qingfeng; Liu, Yiyi; Lyu, Quanxia; Wang, Kaixuan; Yang, Mingjie; Ling, Yunzhi; Lai, Daniel T.H.; Marzbanrad, Faezeh; Cheng, Wenlong.

In: Advanced Materials, 25.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Local crack-programmed gold nanowire electronic skin tattoos for in-plane multisensor integration

AU - Gong, Shu

AU - Yap, Lim Wei

AU - Zhu, Bowen

AU - Zhai, Qingfeng

AU - Liu, Yiyi

AU - Lyu, Quanxia

AU - Wang, Kaixuan

AU - Yang, Mingjie

AU - Ling, Yunzhi

AU - Lai, Daniel T.H.

AU - Marzbanrad, Faezeh

AU - Cheng, Wenlong

PY - 2019/8/25

Y1 - 2019/8/25

N2 - Sensitive, specific, yet multifunctional tattoo-like electronics are ideal wearable systems for “any time, any where” health monitoring because they can virtually become parts of the human skin, offering a burdenless “unfeelable” wearing experience. A skin-like, multifunctional electronic tattoo made entirely from gold using a standing enokitake-mushroom-like vertically aligned nanowire membrane in conjunction with a programmable local cracking technology is reported. Unlike previous multifunctional systems, only a single material type is needed for the integrated gold circuits involved in interconnects and multiplexed specific sensors, thereby avoiding the use of complex multimaterials interfaces. This is possiblebecause the programmable local cracking technology allows for the arbitrary fine-tuning of the properties of elastic gold conductors from strain-insensitive to highly strain-sensitive simply by adjusting localized crack size, shape, and orientations—a capability impossible to achieve with previous bulk cracking technology. Furthermore, in-plane integration of strain/pressure sensors, anisotropic orientation-specific sensors, strain-insensitive stretchable interconnects, temperature sensors, glucose sensors, and lactate sensors without the need of soldering or gluing are demonstrated. This strategy opens a new general route for the design of next-generation wearable electronic tattoos.

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