Loan and financing diversification and bank stability in dual-banking systems

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Our investigation of 46 conventional and 22 Islamic banks from the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries during 2008–2021 reveals that sectoral diversification effects on stability are nonlinear and different for the two bank types. While Islamic banks’ stability is worsened only by moderate levels of diversification, conventional banks’ stability is enhanced by high levels and impaired by low levels of diversification. Furthermore, diversification acted as a stabilizer during the global financial crisis but exacerbated the adverse effects of the Covid-19 pandemic. Although regulators usually call for bank diversification, our results imply that it can be a double-edged sword.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103395
Number of pages5
JournalFinance Research Letters
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Banks
  • Diversification
  • Dual-banking
  • Financing
  • GCC
  • Loans
  • Stability

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