Living free radical polymerization with reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (the life of RAFT)

Graeme Moad, John Chiefari, Y. K. Chong, Julia Krstina, Roshan TA Mayadunne, Almar Postma, Ezio Rizzardo, San H. Thang

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798 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Free radical polymerization with reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT polymerization) is discussed with a view to answering the following questions: (a) How living is RAFT polymerization? (b) What controls the activity of thiocarbonylthio compounds in RAFT polymerization? (c) How do rates of polymerization differ from those of conventional radical polymerization? (d) Can RAFT agents be used in emulsion polymerization? Retardation, observed when high concentrations of certain RAFT agents are used and in the early stages of emulsion polymerization, and how to overcome it by appropriate choice of reaction conditions, are considered in detail. Examples of the use of thiocarbonylthio RAFT agents in emulsion and miniemulsion polymerization are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)993-1001
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer International
Volume49
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2000
Externally publishedYes

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