Living polymerization of styrene was observed using γ radiation as a source of initiation and 1-phenylethyl phenyldithioacetate as a reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) agent. The γ radiation had little or no detrimental effect on the RAFT agent, with the molecular weight of the polymer increasing linearly with conversion (up to the maximum measured conversions of 30%). The polymerization had kinetics (polym.) consistent with those of a living polymerization (first order in monomer) and proportional to the square root of the radiation-dose rate. This initiation technique may facilitate the grafting of narrow polydispersity, well-defined polymers onto existing polymer surfaces as well as allow a wealth of kinetic experiments using the constant radical flux generated by γ radiation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2002|
- Kinetics (polym.)
- Living polymerization
- Radical polymerization
- Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT)