Liver regeneration stimulates tumor metastases

Nadia Harun, Mehrdad Nikfarjam, Vijayaragavan Muralidharan, Christopher Christophi

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57 Citations (Scopus)


Background. Partial hepatectomy for patients with colorectal liver metastases is associated with a tumor recurrence rate approaching 80 post-resection. Different factors and phases associated with regeneration of the liver are implicated in tumor recurrence. This study investigates the effects of the early and late phases of liver regeneration and the impact of the degree of liver resection on stimulating tumor growth and metastasis. Materials and methods. Groups of mice underwent partial hepatectomy (37 or 70 ) and were then challenged with colorectal liver carcinoma (CRC) tumors immediately after liver resection (early and late phase effect) or 6 days post liver resection (late phase effect). Tumor growth, degree of proliferation, tumor morphology, and the presence of extrahepatic metastases were investigated 21 days post-tumor induction. Results. The late phase of liver regeneration plays a significant role in tumor stimulation and metastasis. The degree of hepatectomy also appears to be an important factor. The degree of hepatic resection significantly influences tumor growth and the extent of extrahepatic metastases, particularly in the lungs. Conclusions. Elucidation of the processes involved in the late phase of liver regeneration may assist in the development and timing of adjuvant agents to minimize tumor recurrence during this phase.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284 - 290
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

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