Linear rainfall features and their association with rainfall extremes near Melbourne, Australia

Stacey M. Hitchcock, Todd P. Lane, Robert A. Warren, Joshua S. Soderholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Linear precipitation systems are a prominent contributor to rainfall over Melbourne, Australia, and the surrounding region. These systems are often convective in nature, frequently associated with cold fronts, and in some cases can lead to significant rainfall and flash flooding. Various types of linearly organized systems (e.g., squall lines, quasi-linear convective systems) have been the subject of much research in the United States and elsewhere, but thus far relatively little analysis has been done on linear systems in Australia. To begin to understand rainfall extremes and how they may change in this region in the future, it is useful to explore the contribution of these types of systems and the characteristics that define them. To this end, we have examined the recently developed Australian Radar Archive (AURA), identifying objects that meet a specific set of relevant criteria, and used multiple methods to identify heavy and extreme daily rainfall. We found that on average, days with linear systems contribute over half of the total rainfall and 70%-85% of heavy/extreme rainfall in the Melbourne region. The linear systems that occur on heavy rainfall days tend to be larger, slower-moving, and longer-lived, while those on extreme rainfall days also tend to be more intense and have a greater degree of southward propagation than linear systems on other days.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3401-3417
Number of pages17
JournalMonthly Weather Review
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021


  • Australia
  • Extreme events
  • Mesoscale systems
  • Precipitation
  • Radars/Radar observations

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