Linear friction welding of AISI 316L stainless steel

Imran Bhamji, Michael Preuss, Philip L. Threadgill, Richard J. Moat, Adrian C. Addison, Matthew J. Peel

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70 Citations (Scopus)


Linear friction welding is a solid state joining process established as a niche technology for the joining of aeroengine bladed disks. However, the process is not limited to this application, and therefore the feasibility of joining a common engineering austenitic steel, AISI 316L, has been explored. It was found that mechanically sound linear friction welds could be produced in 316L, with tensile properties in most welds exceeding those of the parent material. The mechanical properties of the welds were also found to be insensitive to relatively large changes in welding parameters. Texture was investigated in one weld using high energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction. Results showed a strong {1. 1. 1}(1. 1. 2.) type texture at the centre of the weld, which is a typical shear texture in face centre cubic materials. Variations in welding parameters were seen to have a significant impact on the microstructures of welds. This was particularly evident in the variation of the fraction of delta ferrite, in the thermo-mechanically affected zone of the welds, with different process parameters. Analysis of the variation in delta ferrite, with different welding parameters, has produced some interesting insights into heat generation and dissipation during the process. It is hoped that a greater understanding of the process could help to make the parameter optimisation process, when welding 316L as well as other materials, more efficient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)680-690
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • AISI 316L
  • Delta ferrite
  • Linear friction welding
  • Texture

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