Friction welding (FW) is a high quality, nominally solid-state joining process, which produces welds of high structural integrity. Rotary friction welding (RFW) is the most commonly used form of FW, while linear friction welding (LFW) is a relatively new method being used mainly for the production of integrally bladed disc (blisk) assemblies in the aircraft engine industry. Numerous similar and dissimilar joints of structural metallic materials have been welded with RFW and LFW. In this review, the current state of understanding and development of RFW and LFW is presented. Particular emphasis is placed on the process parameters, joint microstructure, residual stresses, mechanical properties and their relationships. Finally, opportunities for further research and development of the RFW and LFW processes are identified.
- Continuous drive friction welding
- Inertia friction welding
- Linear friction welding
- Mechanical properties
- Process parameters