Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect

Yan Gu, Dan Dan Zhang, Qing Dong Ou, Yan Hong Deng, Jun Jun Zhu, Liang Cheng, Zhuang Liu, Shuit Tong Lee, Yan Qing Li, Jian Xin Tang

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47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have demonstrated a new approach to realize the light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by using platinum-cobalt (Pt3Co) alloy nanoparticles (ANPs). The current efficiencies of 19.2 cd A-1 and 29.3 cd A-1 at a current density of 20 mA cm-2 are obtained for the device with Pt3Co ANPs unannealed and annealed, respectively, which correspond to a ∼46% and ∼123% enhancement compared to the control device without Pt3Co ANPs. A systematic study on the devices with and without unannealed Pt 3Co ANPs shows that the significantly enhanced efficiency is mainly due to the resonance of localized surface plasmon (LSP). The analysis of surface topography, angular-dependent EL spectra and theoretical calculations of the devices with and without annealed Pt3Co ANPs reveals that the annealing treatment of Pt3Co ANPs could result in a further enhancement in light extraction due to the increased light scattering effect, thereby achieving a double-enhancement in light extraction by simultaneously realizing the resonance of LSP and the light scattering effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4319-4326
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume1
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2013
Externally publishedYes

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