Ligand binding rapidly induces disulfide-dependent dimerization of glycoprotein VI on the platelet plasma membrane

Jane Frances Arthur, Yang Shen, Mark L Kahn, Michael Claude Berndt, Robert Keith Andrews, Elizabeth Ellen Gardiner

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Thrombus formation in hemostasis or thrombotic disease is initiated by adhesion of circulating platelets to damaged blood vessel walls. Exposed subendothelial collagen interacting with platelet glycoprotein (GP) VI leads to platelet activation and integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3)-mediated aggregation. We previously showed that ligand binding to GPVI also induces metalloproteinase-dependent shedding, generating an approximately 55-kDa soluble ectodomain fragment and an approximately 10-kDa membrane-associated remnant. Here, treatment of platelets with collagen or the GPVI-targeting rattlesnake toxin convulxin also induces rapid (10-30 s) formation of a high molecular weight GPVI complex (GPVIc) under nonreducing conditions, as detected by immunoblotting with anti-GPVI antibodies. The appearance of an approximately 20-kDa remnant detectable using a polyclonal antibody against the GPVI cytoplasmic tail under nonreducing, but not reducing, conditions after ectodomain shedding and nonreduced/reduced two-dimensional SDS-polyacrylamide gel analysis of biotinylated platelets confirmed that that GPVIc was a homodimer. Formation of disulfide-linked GPVIc was prolonged in the presence of metalloproteinase inhibitor GM6001 and was independent of GPVI signaling because it was unaffected by inhibitors of Src kinases, Syk, or phosphoinositide 3-kinase. To identify the thiol involved in disulfide bond formation, wild-type or mutant GPVI, where two available .....
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30434 - 30441
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number42
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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