Lifestyle management: Preventing Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications

Rebecca S. Stiegler, Paul Z. Zimmet, Adrian J. Cameron, Jonathan E. Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review


For individuals with Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease is the principle cause of morbidity and mortality. Lifestyle management is recognized as being an essential part of diabetes and cardiovascular disease prevention. Meta-analyses demonstrate that lifestyle interventions, including diet and physical activity, led to a 63% reduction in diabetes incidence in those at high risk. 'Real-world' lifestyle modification programs have demonstrated encouraging improvement in risk factors for diabetes; however, the effect on diabetes incidence has not been reported. It has been demonstrated that lifestyle interventions reduce cardiovascular risk factors; however, data on long-term cardiovascular outcomes is lacking. The aim of this review is to discuss the current evidence of lifestyle interventions in the prevention of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-496
Number of pages8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diet
  • Lifestyle
  • Physical activity
  • Prevention
  • Type 2 diabetes

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