Life expectancy of type 1 diabetic patients during 1997–2010: A national Australian registry-based cohort study

Lili Huo, Jessica L. Harding, Anna Peeters, Jonathan E. Shaw, Dianna J. Magliano

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40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims/hypothesis: There is limited information about the impact of type 1 diabetes on life expectancy in a contemporary population. We examined the life expectancy of type 1 diabetic patients and explored the contribution of mortality at different ages and of different causes of death to years of life lost (YLL) compared with the general population. Methods: We derived mortality rates of Australians with type 1 diabetes listed on the National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS) between 1997 and 2010 (n = 85,547) by linking the NDSS to the National Death Index. The Chiang method was used to estimate life expectancy and Arriaga’s method was used to estimate the contributions of age-specific and cause-specific mortality to the YLL. Results: A total of 5,981 deaths were identified during the 902,136 person-years of follow up. Type 1 diabetic patients had an estimated life expectancy at birth of 68.6 years (95% CI 68.1, 69.1), which was 12.2 years (95% CI 11.8, 12.7) less than that in the general population. The improvement in life expectancy at birth in 2004–2010 compared with 1997–2003 was similar for both type 1 diabetic patients (men, 1.9 years [95% CI 0.4, 3.3]; women, 1.5 years [95% CI 0.0, 3.2]) and the general population (men, 2.2 years; women, 1.4 years). Deaths at age <60 years accounted for 60% of the YLL from type 1 diabetes for men and 45% for women. The major contribution to YLL was mortality from endocrine and metabolic disease at age 10–39 years (men, 39–59%; women, 35–50%) and from circulatory disease at age ≥40 years (men, 43–75%; women, 34–75%). Conclusions/interpretation: Data from 1997 to 2010 showed that Australian type 1 diabetic patients had an estimated loss in life expectancy at birth of 12.2 years compared with the general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1177-1185
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetologia
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Life expectancy
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Years of life lost

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