Lessons learnt from a Multimodal Learning Analytics deployment in-the-wild

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Multimodal Learning Analytics (MMLA) innovations make use of rapidly evolving sensing and artificial intelligence algorithms to collect rich data about learning activities that unfold in physical spaces. The analysis of these data is opening exciting new avenues for both studying and supporting learning. Yet, practical and logistical challenges commonly appear while deploying MMLA innovations "in-The-wild". These can span from technical issues related to enhancing the learning space with sensing capabilities, to the increased complexity of teachers' tasks. These practicalities have been rarely investigated. This article addresses this gap by presenting a set of lessons learnt from a 2-year human-centred MMLA in-The-wild study conducted with 399 students and 17 educators in the context of nursing education. The lessons learnt were synthesised into topics related to (i) technological/physical aspects of the deployment; (ii) multimodal data and interfaces; (iii) the design process; (iv) participation, ethics and privacy; and (v) sustainability of the deployment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8
Number of pages41
JournalACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2023


  • Additional Key Words and PhrasesLearning analytics
  • CSCW
  • human-centred design
  • sensors
  • ubiquitous computing

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