Learning from experience: qualitative analysis to develop a cognitive task list for Kielland forceps deliveries

Andrea Simpson, Ryan James Hodges, John Snelgrove, David Gurau, Michael B Secter, Eva Janine Marie Mocarski, Richard Pittini, Rory Windrim, Mary Higgins

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6 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: Fetal malposition is a common indication for Caesarean section in the second stage of labour. Rotational (Kielland) forceps are a valuable tool in select situations for successful vaginal delivery; however, learning opportunities are scarce. Our aim was to identify the verbal and non-verbal components of performing a safe Kielland forceps delivery through filmed demonstrations by expert practitioners on models to develop a task list for training purposes. METHODS: Labour and delivery nurses at three university-affiliated hospitals identified clinicians whom they considered skilled in Kielland forceps deliveries. These physicians gave consent and were filmed performing Kielland forceps deliveries on a model, describing their assessment and technique and sharing clinical pearls based on their experience. Two clinicians reviewed the videos independently and recorded verbal and non-verbal components of the assessment; thematic analysis was performed and a core task list was developed. The algorithm was circulated to participants to ensure consensus. RESULTS: Eleven clinicians were identified; eight participated. Common themes were prevention of persistent malposition where possible, a thorough assessment to determine suitability for forceps delivery, roles of the multidisciplinary team, description of the Kielland forceps and technical aspects related to their use, the importance of communication with the parents and the team (including consent, debriefing, and documentation), and red flags that indicate the need to stop when safety criteria cannot be met. CONCLUSION: Development of a cognitive task list, derived from years of experience with Kielland forceps deliveries by expert clinicians, provides an inclusive algorithm that may facilitate standardized resident training to enhance education in rotational forceps deliveries
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-404
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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