Lead-Free Piezoelectric Ceramic Coatings Fabricated by Thermal Spray Process

Kui Yao, Shuting Chen, Kun Guo, Chee Kiang Ivan Tan, Meysam Sharifzadeh Mirshekarloo, Francis Eng Hock Tay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This paper starts from a review on the progress in fabrication of piezoelectric ceramic coatings by thermal spray method. For our experimental work, two types of lead-free piezoelectric ceramic coatings, including potassium-sodium niobate-based and bismuth sodium titanate-based, are fabricated by thermal spray process, and their structure, morphology, and piezoelectric properties are characterized. Our obtained lead-free ceramic coatings exhibit single phase of perovskite structure, relatively dense morphology, and competitive piezoelectric coefficients. The mechanism of forming the piezoelectric perovskite crystalline phase by thermal spray involving melting-recrystallization process is analyzed in comparison to that of ceramic synthesis through solid-state reaction. Suppression of volatile loss and decomposition at high temperature due to the extremely high melting and cooling rate in the thermal spray process, and the impact on the resulting structure are discussed. Significant advantages of the thermal spray method over alternative processing methods for forming piezoelectric ceramic coatings are summarized. The combination of environmentally friendly lead-free compositions and the scalable thermal spray processing method will promote more applications of piezoelectric ceramic coatings for producing distributive sensors and transducers, and forming advanced smart structures and systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1758-1765
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Ceramics
  • coatings
  • material processing
  • piezoelectric materials
  • sensors
  • thermal spray
  • transducers

Cite this