## Abstract

Finding satisfying assignments for the variables involved in a set of constraints can be cast as a (bounded) model generation problem: search for (bounded) models of a theory in some logic. The state-of-the-art approach for bounded model generation for rich knowl-edge representation languages like Answer Set Programming (ASP) and FO(.-) and a CSP modeling language such as Zinc, is ground-and-solve : reduce the theory to a ground or propositional one and apply a search algorithm to the resulting theory. An important bottleneck is the blow-up of the size of the theory caused by the grounding phase. Lazily grounding the theory during search is a way to overcome this bottleneck. We present a theoretical framework and an implementation in the context of the FO(.-) knowledge representation language. Instead of grounding all parts of a theory, justi-cations are derived for some parts of it. Given a partial assignment for the grounded part of the theory and valid justi-cations for the formulas of the non-grounded part, the justi-cations provide a recipe to construct a complete assignment that satis-es the non-grounded part. When a justi-cation for a particular formula becomes invalid during search, a new one is derived; if that fails, the formula is split in a part to be grounded and a part that can be justi-ed. Experimental results illustrate the power and generality of this approach.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 235-286 |

Number of pages | 52 |

Journal | Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research |

Volume | 52 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 25 Feb 2015 |

Externally published | Yes |