Latex glove use among healthcare workers in Australia

Renee N. Carey, Lin Fritschi, Timothy R. Driscoll, Michael J. Abramson, Deborah C. Glass, Ellie Darcey, Si Si, Geza Benke, Alison Reid, Sonia El-Zaemey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Exposure to natural rubber latex, primarily through the use of gloves, is a well-recognized cause of occupational asthma. We investigated latex glove use among Australian workers and estimated the resultant burden of occupational asthma among healthcare workers (HCWs). Methods: Data were collected in 2014 as part of the Australian Work Exposures Study-Asthma, a telephone survey investigating the prevalence of current occupational exposure to asthmagens, including latex. We estimated adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) to determine variables associated with the use of latex gloves among HCWs and calculated the asthma-related disability-adjusted life years due to latex exposure among HCWs. Results: Latex gloves were used by 22% of respondents. Almost two-thirds (63%) of HCWs reported wearing latex gloves, with 26% using powdered latex gloves. The use of latex gloves was more common among those employed in micro companies (less than 5 employees) than large companies (200+ employees) (aPR = 1.5, 95% confidence interval 1.1-2.0). Latex exposure in HCWs was estimated to contribute 3% of the total asthma-related burden. Discussion: Latex gloves are widely used by Australian workers and by HCWs in particular. Conclusions: This is the first estimate of the burden of asthma attributable to occupational exposure to latex among HCWs. These results can be used to guide decisions regarding the control of occupational exposure to latex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1014-1018
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • DALY
  • Healthcare worker
  • Latex
  • Occupation
  • Prevalence

Cite this

@article{75995bd19cf140b38f5880f3df7f4f03,
title = "Latex glove use among healthcare workers in Australia",
abstract = "Background: Exposure to natural rubber latex, primarily through the use of gloves, is a well-recognized cause of occupational asthma. We investigated latex glove use among Australian workers and estimated the resultant burden of occupational asthma among healthcare workers (HCWs). Methods: Data were collected in 2014 as part of the Australian Work Exposures Study-Asthma, a telephone survey investigating the prevalence of current occupational exposure to asthmagens, including latex. We estimated adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) to determine variables associated with the use of latex gloves among HCWs and calculated the asthma-related disability-adjusted life years due to latex exposure among HCWs. Results: Latex gloves were used by 22{\%} of respondents. Almost two-thirds (63{\%}) of HCWs reported wearing latex gloves, with 26{\%} using powdered latex gloves. The use of latex gloves was more common among those employed in micro companies (less than 5 employees) than large companies (200+ employees) (aPR = 1.5, 95{\%} confidence interval 1.1-2.0). Latex exposure in HCWs was estimated to contribute 3{\%} of the total asthma-related burden. Discussion: Latex gloves are widely used by Australian workers and by HCWs in particular. Conclusions: This is the first estimate of the burden of asthma attributable to occupational exposure to latex among HCWs. These results can be used to guide decisions regarding the control of occupational exposure to latex.",
keywords = "Asthma, DALY, Healthcare worker, Latex, Occupation, Prevalence",
author = "Carey, {Renee N.} and Lin Fritschi and Driscoll, {Timothy R.} and Abramson, {Michael J.} and Glass, {Deborah C.} and Ellie Darcey and Si Si and Geza Benke and Alison Reid and Sonia El-Zaemey",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.ajic.2018.03.011",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "1014--1018",
journal = "American Journal of Infection Control",
issn = "0196-6553",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "9",

}

Latex glove use among healthcare workers in Australia. / Carey, Renee N.; Fritschi, Lin; Driscoll, Timothy R.; Abramson, Michael J.; Glass, Deborah C.; Darcey, Ellie; Si, Si; Benke, Geza; Reid, Alison; El-Zaemey, Sonia.

In: American Journal of Infection Control, Vol. 46, No. 9, 09.2018, p. 1014-1018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Latex glove use among healthcare workers in Australia

AU - Carey, Renee N.

AU - Fritschi, Lin

AU - Driscoll, Timothy R.

AU - Abramson, Michael J.

AU - Glass, Deborah C.

AU - Darcey, Ellie

AU - Si, Si

AU - Benke, Geza

AU - Reid, Alison

AU - El-Zaemey, Sonia

PY - 2018/9

Y1 - 2018/9

N2 - Background: Exposure to natural rubber latex, primarily through the use of gloves, is a well-recognized cause of occupational asthma. We investigated latex glove use among Australian workers and estimated the resultant burden of occupational asthma among healthcare workers (HCWs). Methods: Data were collected in 2014 as part of the Australian Work Exposures Study-Asthma, a telephone survey investigating the prevalence of current occupational exposure to asthmagens, including latex. We estimated adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) to determine variables associated with the use of latex gloves among HCWs and calculated the asthma-related disability-adjusted life years due to latex exposure among HCWs. Results: Latex gloves were used by 22% of respondents. Almost two-thirds (63%) of HCWs reported wearing latex gloves, with 26% using powdered latex gloves. The use of latex gloves was more common among those employed in micro companies (less than 5 employees) than large companies (200+ employees) (aPR = 1.5, 95% confidence interval 1.1-2.0). Latex exposure in HCWs was estimated to contribute 3% of the total asthma-related burden. Discussion: Latex gloves are widely used by Australian workers and by HCWs in particular. Conclusions: This is the first estimate of the burden of asthma attributable to occupational exposure to latex among HCWs. These results can be used to guide decisions regarding the control of occupational exposure to latex.

AB - Background: Exposure to natural rubber latex, primarily through the use of gloves, is a well-recognized cause of occupational asthma. We investigated latex glove use among Australian workers and estimated the resultant burden of occupational asthma among healthcare workers (HCWs). Methods: Data were collected in 2014 as part of the Australian Work Exposures Study-Asthma, a telephone survey investigating the prevalence of current occupational exposure to asthmagens, including latex. We estimated adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) to determine variables associated with the use of latex gloves among HCWs and calculated the asthma-related disability-adjusted life years due to latex exposure among HCWs. Results: Latex gloves were used by 22% of respondents. Almost two-thirds (63%) of HCWs reported wearing latex gloves, with 26% using powdered latex gloves. The use of latex gloves was more common among those employed in micro companies (less than 5 employees) than large companies (200+ employees) (aPR = 1.5, 95% confidence interval 1.1-2.0). Latex exposure in HCWs was estimated to contribute 3% of the total asthma-related burden. Discussion: Latex gloves are widely used by Australian workers and by HCWs in particular. Conclusions: This is the first estimate of the burden of asthma attributable to occupational exposure to latex among HCWs. These results can be used to guide decisions regarding the control of occupational exposure to latex.

KW - Asthma

KW - DALY

KW - Healthcare worker

KW - Latex

KW - Occupation

KW - Prevalence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045452302&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ajic.2018.03.011

DO - 10.1016/j.ajic.2018.03.011

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 1014

EP - 1018

JO - American Journal of Infection Control

JF - American Journal of Infection Control

SN - 0196-6553

IS - 9

ER -